Bhutan (འབྲུག་ཡུལ), tên chính thức là Kingdom of Bhutan, là một quốc gia nằm tại dãy Himalayas (tại Nam Á). Bhutan là một vương quốc được cai trị bởi Druk Gyalpo, nghĩa là "Quốc vương rồng sấm". Quốc vương hiện tại của Bhutan là Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck từ năm 2006.
In a general survey in 2006, Bhutan was rated the happiest country in Asia, and the 8th happiest country in the world. Bhutan is a member of the United Nations, and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
Bhutan's currency is Ngultrum.
Bhutan ở đâu?[sửa]
Bhutan nằm tại Nam Á, trên phần phía đông của Himalaya. Nước này không tiếp giáp với biển. Trung Quốc nằm ở phía bắc quốc gia này, trong khi Ấn Độ nằm ở phía nam. Bang Sikkim của Ấn Độ nằm giữa Nepal và Bhutan.
Có bao nhiêu người sống ở Bhutan?[sửa]
As of 2013, around 753,947 people live in Bhutan. The largest city of Bhutan is also its capital, Thimphu, with around 91,000 people (2011). The second biggest city in Bhutan is Phuntsholing, which has 20,537 people (2005), and the third is Punakha, with 21,500 people.
Ngôn ngữ phổ biến nhất ở Bhutan là gì?[sửa]
The national language of Bhutan is Bhutanese, which is also known as Dzongkha. Around 24 different languages are spoken in Bhutan.
Tôn giáo phổ biến nhất ở Bhutan là gì?[sửa]
Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan, and the most common religion with around two-thirds to three-quarters of people living in Bhutan following the religion. Around one-quarter to one-third of Bhutan's people are followers of Hinduism. Hinduism is more common in the southern part of the country. Less than 1 percent have a religion other than Buddhism or Hinduism. It is free to practice religion in Bhutan, but it is not allowed to convince another person to change religion.
Thể thao ở Bhutan có gì?[sửa]
Archery is the national sport of Bhutan, and archery competitions are held in villages across the country. The type of archery commonly practiced in Bhutan is different than that being used in the Olympics. Other popular sports in Bhutan are football and cricket.
Bhutan's national football team defeated Sri Lanka in the 2018 World Cup Qualifications two times, while Bhutan's Cricket team is one of the more successful cricket teams in the region.
Một số điểm tham quan quan trọng là gì?[sửa]
- Paro Taktsang, commonly known as the Tiger's Nest, is a monastery found near the cliff side of the Paro Valley. It was first built in 1692, around the Taktsang Senge Samdup cave. It is said that in the 8th century, Guru Padmasambhava meditated in the place for three years, three months, three weeks, three days and three hours! Padmasambhava is known for introducing Buddhism in Bhutan. The monastery is best known for the thirteen taktsang, or "tiger lair" caves, in which he meditated.̇̇
- Drukgyal Dzong, a ruined fortress and Buddhist monestry in the upper part of the Paro District (in Phondey Village). History says (about Drukgyal Dzong) that in 1649, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel created the dzong to commemorate his victory against the Tibetan-Mongol forces. But then a fire broke out in Drukgyal Dzong in 1951, and sadly... only some of the relics of the Drukgyal Dzong were rescued from the fire, such as the image of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. After the fire, the ruined fortress was still under protection, and continues to be a beautiful site of Bhutan.
- Kurjey Lhakhang, is the site of the burial of the first three kings of Bhutan, located in Bumthang Valley, in the Bumthang district. A large tree behind the Kurjey Lhakhang is believed to be terma (hidden religious teachings (Buddhist)), placed by Padmasambhava. It's quite a fascinating and interesting site.
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